The AD650 V/F/V (voltage-to-frequency or frequency-to-voltage converter) provides a combination of high frequency operation and low nonlinearity previously unavailable in monolithic form. The inherent monotonicity of the V/F transfer function makes the AD650 useful as a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter. A flexible input configuration allows a wide variety of input voltage and current formats to be used, and an open-collector output with separate digital ground allows simple interfacing to either standard logic families or opto-couplers. The linearity error of the AD650 is typically 20 ppm (0.002% of full scale) and 50 ppm (0.005%) maximum at 10 kHz full scale. This corresponds to approximately 14-bit linearity in an analog-to-digital converter circuit. Higher full-scale frequencies or longer count intervals can be used for higher resolution conversions. The AD650 has a useful dynamic range of six decades allowing extremely high resolution measurements. Even at 1 MHz full scale, linearity is guaranteed less than 1000 ppm (0.1%) on the AD650KN, BD, and SD grades. In addition to analog-to-digital conversion, the AD650 can be used in isolated analog signal transmission applications, phased lockedloop circuits, and precision stepper motor speed controllers. In the F/V mode, the AD650 can be used in precision tachometer and FM demodulator circuits.